Issue: Whether and how police practices should be changed to improve their effectiveness and to ensure equal enforcement and protection.
Background: Nationally reported incidents of harsh use of force and killings by police have led some to call for changes in police practices and procedures. These range from limits on police use of force to changes in responsibility for responding to certain kinds of 911 emergency calls, e.g., creation of a mental health unit to deal with individuals displaying mental health problems Some have gone so far as to call for “defunding the police”, although this often means shifting the responsibility for certain things, e.g., traffic violations to other agencies, such as the Department of Transportation, along with the funds for administering the program.
There is also a question before the Council as to whether the county should continue the School Resource Officer [SRO] program which places police officers in public schools. This issue will be tracked on the Schools page of the Community Issues under the heading School Resource Officers.
Equity in the enforcement of the law has also become an issue. The Montgomery County Office of Legislative Oversight has conducted a study of local policing data and practices and found that available data demonstrates wide disparities in police-public interactions by race and ethnicity in the County, especially for traffic stops and violations, arrests, and use of force. Based these disparities Councilmember Jawando has introduced a bill last November to require that the MCPD keeps a publicly available record of these stops, trespass orders, and other citations, including where they are issued, and to whom, and how often.
Police organizations, including both police departments and police unions are opposed to some of the changes being considered, arguing that if implemented, they could prevent police from carrying out their jobs, or arguing that the problem being solved is not as serious or as frequent as suggested.
The county currently has two advisory groups on policing:
1) The County Executive’s Reimagining Public Safety task force, which has been reviewing police policies and practices since the beginning of the fall 2020. Links to videos of the task force meetings are on its website, as is its full mandate. The task report has submitted its report to the County Executive.
2) The Policing Advisory Commission, which was created in 2019 by the Montgomery County Council in response to the ongoing public dialogue around policing practices and as an effort to increase community involvement in matters of public safety. The Commission’s mission is to advise the Council on policing matters and recommend policies, programs, legislation, or regulations with regards to policing.
In addition, the House of Delegates has created a Work Group to Address Police Reform and Accountability in Maryland that is studying, among other things the Law Enforcement Officer’s Bill of Rights.
The Speaker of the House is proposing comprehensive legislation [see below under Latest Update]. Some who support reform prefer to approach the issue through separate bills each dealing with a different aspect of the problem. Others are concerned that her plan does not go far enough.
- 03/05/2021: The Maryland and Senate and House judicial committees have reported bills that would make some but not all police records available to the public. See this Post article. Some activists have argued that this is not sufficient to achieve reform of police procedures. See this Post article.
- The Speaker of the House outlined her plans as reported in the Baltimore Sun.
- The County Executive’s task force on reimagining public safety has submitted its report.
- The House of Delegates Work Group to Address Police Reform and Accountability in Maryland submitted its report in December 2020.
- In July 2020, the Montgomery County Council unanimously passed legislation limiting the police department’s use of force, part of an effort to address local and national concerns about law enforcement use of force in the community. A police union official criticized some of the changes put in place, saying they will make it impossible for officers to do their job.
information added 03/07/2021
Securing Our Homes and Neighborhood
Issue: How can we improve the security of our homes and neighborhood
Background: Since 2019, the PRA Safety Committee has been using the Parkwood listserve to alert the community to the following:
- Recommendations from Montgomery County Police Department (MCPD) on ways to reduce crime to personal property.
- Information about fire safety.
- Up-to-date information about neighborhood crime statistics bi-monthly.
- Various ongoing telephone, internet or door-to-door scams.
- Worked with Montgomery County Transportation Department (MCDOT) to install improved signage to reduce traffic accidents/violations.
The work of the committee is having an effect; reported incidents were lower in 2020 through mid-December than they were for the same period in 2019. See the link below under More Information. Thefts from automobiles continue to be the most frequently reported crime in the entire County.
information added 12/18/2020